Roof shapes are the most significant improvement for LoD 2 buildings compared to LoD 1. Data represent 3D building shapes, including complex architectural forms: sloping roofs, roof furniture, elevator shafts, towers, and spires.
LoDs 2.0 and 2.1 building models are produced for various tasks of environmental management like solar energy assessment, GIS and architecture projects, 3D visualization of cities, and developed in multiple GIS formats (Rhino, ArcGIS, Autocad dwg, Sketchup skp, fbx, obj etc.). The parameters of azimuth, tilt angle, area of flat parts, and roof height can be calculated and assigned for each roof element.
As a rule, a contemporary city involves many parks, squares, recreation areas, tree plantations, etc. In some cities, the buildings are entirely shrouded in foliage. 3D Tree models ensure an accurate and reliable 5G network planning process, allowing placing a required number of base stations for stable signal and full coverage.
We produce high-level accuracy 3D vegetation data as separated canopies, each with a unique height and size of crown outlines.